The oceans cover almost 70% of the Earth, yet we know so little about them. In order to spread some knowledge bombs, we’re listing out our favorite 11 facts about the ocean you probably did not know.
1) The oceans contain a lot of water
Okay, you probably knew that already but did you know how much is a lot? Well, roughly 96.5% of all of the Earth water is found in the ocean.
That means 1,338,000,000 cubic kilometers of all the water supply on the planet. Even though there is so much of it, most of it is unusable due to the saline quantities.
Most of the water we use is fresh water from the rivers which only make up less than a ten-thousandth of a percentage of all the water on Earth.
2) Oceans depths are mostly unknown territory
While there have been a lot of expeditions to explore the ocean depth, the utter darkness, pressure from the water and inhospitable conditions make it a tough going.
The Mariana Trench is the deepest known point of the Earth ocean floor. At a depth of 11,000 meters, it would easily submerge Mount Everest.
3) Ocean organisms
There is so much we don’t know about the ocean depth that scientists believe there may be millions of animal species that we have not yet discovered.
Several species have been found in the depths that have evolved nicely to accommodate themselves nicely in those conditions inhospitable to men.
4) Specific about the Pacific
While there are five oceans, (Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern, Arctic, listed by size) the Pacific is the biggest. The aforementioned Mariana trench is at home in the Pacific Ocean.
It covers roughly 30% of the entire Earth’s area. The Pacific ring of fire is a group of active volcanoes that surround the Pacific ocean. Its original name means peaceful sea, although it is anything but.
5) Tallest mountain
While the tallest mountain on the Earths surface maybe Mount Everest, even that would be dwarfed by the tallest Mountain in the sea.
Mauna Kea is a dormant volcano on the island of Hawaii that stands over 10,000 meters tall. However, only 4000 or so of those are above the sea.
6) Sea of Ice
During the winter, the Arctic Sea is covered almost entirely by Ice. A relatively small ocean, it is home to some of the most spectacular species known to man.
7) Tides and turns
The rotation of the Earth, the gravitational pull of the sun and moon are the primary factors for the ocean tide.
The oceans are also moving very slowly, as they move from bottom to top as if on a massive escalator. The movements are so slow however that each rotation takes several hundred years to complete.
8) Rising temperatures and water levels
Due to its vastness it actually difficult to tell if the water levels in the oceans have actually increased. However, with new satellite imagery, scientists say that the ocean levels have been rising by almost an inch every year.
This can also be attributed to global warming. In fact, the rising ocean temperatures were one of the first indicators that global warming is an actual phenomenon that needs to be looked into more thoroughly.
The oceans are the warmest they have ever been for more than a hundred years.
9) The ocean is filling with waste
More than 14 billion pounds of waste enters the oceans every year. Harmful plastics are one of the biggest components of this garbage.
This is not only threatening marine life but our lives as well. If we don’t find a solution to this problem quickly we will be seeing entire species wiped off the face of the Earth.
That includes us humans as 70% of the oxygen we breathe is produced by the ocean.
10) Tides are power
We’ve seen the destruction caused by Tsunamis and just really strong waves.
Ocean store a lot of energy and if we were able to utilize just a fraction of the tidal energy we would solve our power crisis multifold.
11) Some fun facts about other members of our ocean family
While the Blue Whale is the largest mammal on the planet, the Sperm Whale actually has the largest head.
If we consider a different part of the anatomy than the southern right whale has the biggest balls in the animal kingdom. One pair of the testicles weighs as much as an elephant.
We all need to play a part in taking better care of our oceans. If you enjoyed reading these strange facts, let us know. If you think we missed out on some important ones, do share.